Individuals can reduce the risk of HIV infection by limiting exposure to risk factors. Key approaches for HIV prevention, which are often used in combination


1. Male and female condom use

2. Testing and counselling for HIV and STIs

3. Voluntary medical male circumcision

4. Antiretroviral (ART) use for prevention

5. Harm reduction for injecting drug users

6. Elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (eMTCT)